Conoce los principales bordados y textiles de 10 estados de México

Get to know the main embroideries and textiles of 10 states of Mexico

Verónica Ruiz1 comment

The Mexican textile art of drawing with thread takes us back centuries of history and tradition. Thanks to the great variety of customs, landscapes and cosmogony, Mexico is one of the main exponents when we talk about weaving and embroidery.

The pre-Hispanic past of the Mexican territory has a great wealth of textile arts and unique clothing proposals. Each culture developed distinctive techniques and styles that remain to this day and give us beautiful garments that we can appreciate and wear. The first known vestiges of Mexican embroidery are found in tunics and cloaks that were used to wrap the deceased belonging to the nobility more than 2,500 years ago.

Little by little, embroidery became popular in each region and the designs took on another meaning. Currently, each culture alludes to natural elements of its own region such as its flora and fauna. Depending on the area of our country, the way it is embroidered also varies. Today we show you some of the main regions and types of embroidery in Mexico.

1. Chiapas

In Chiapas there is a great embroidery culture in different regions. The Tsotsil community in Zinacantan is famous for backstrap loom weaving with designs on huipiles, shirts, and napkins. These textile crafts have an important Mayan influence and combine different colors, shapes and symbols.

Zoques, on the other hand, generally embroider with black thread on white cloth with a tool called renkeasa.

Bordado Tsotsil
Tzotzil embroidery

 

For their part, the women weavers of the Tzeltal community, located mainly in Aguacatenango, make their works on white blouses, dresses, nightgowns, tablecloths and pants with the help of the backstrap loom. Figures of rhombuses stand out representing the cosmos and animals such as the snake, the toad and the scorpion. They use exuberant colors like fuchsia and red in flowers.

2. Oaxaca

In Oaxaca there are many cultures that develop the art of embroidery. In Santa María Tlahuitoltepec, the Mixes stand out for the embroidery of flowers on white blouses where black and red colors predominate, and natural elements such as the sun and magueyes. Mixe textile art is known for its huipiles, sashes and shawls with brocades in red, green and blue stripes.

Bordado Tlahuitoltepec
Tlahuitoltepec embroidery

 

For its part, in Ojitlán, the Chinantec culture stands out for its incredibly colorful designs, in which red, pink and purple predominate. In addition, her embroideries reflect aspects of her worldview, from the origin of the world, to the duality between life and death.

Tehuana embroidery is recognized for its handmade stitches: The chain embroidery technique used in Tehuana costumes consists of superimposed chains on dark velvet canvases in which flowers of different sizes, colors and shades are portrayed. These decorate the Tehuana huipiles and suits, which are traditional to the Isthmus.

Bordado tehuana
Tehuana embroidery

 

The Zapotecs have also developed a gathered stitch technique with folds that form colored flowers on cotton garments.

On the other hand, Mazatec textile art has the characteristic of making cotton fabrics with embroidered drawings in black, light blue or red, usually portraying figures of birds, flowers, rabbits and leafy trees drawn with threads and needles on the fabric, and strips of ribbon, satin and lace are interspersed.

In Oaxaca we can also find Chinanteco embroidery, full of bright colors and adorned with ribbons and lace. Embroidered stripes in feathering show symbols that represent the origin of life and death on cotton gauze.

3. Michoacan

The Purépecha indigenous people enrich the textile proposal of the country with embroideries and canvases made with a pedal loom from the colonial era in cotton, wool and handcrafted with plumage ornaments and embroideries of traditional symbols.

4. Hidalgo

Otomi embroidery is one of the most popular inside and outside the country. The works represent elements of nature embroidered on mantles of white cloth. The main colors they use are white, blue, yellow and black, accompanied by green, orange and yellow lines.

Bordado otomí
otomi embroidery

5. San Luis Potosi

The clothing of the Teenek in the Huasteca Potosina reflects a cosmological map of their ancient traditions and beliefs. The embroideries usually show the tree of life, animals and crosses with colored stamens using the cross-stitch technique. This style of embroidery is one of the most representative in the country and is used mainly in blouses and huipiles.

6. Chihuahua

The Tarahumara or Rarámuri peoples develop embroidery designs that show their surroundings such as the movement of water, rain, whirlpools and snails. The stories captured on their textiles tell us about the beginning of time and the lifestyle of their people. The most emblematic icons of Rarámuri art are the spiral and the stepped fretwork.

7. Nayarit

Wixárika artisans are considered among the most skilled in the republic and create wonderful fabrics with embroidery of geometric figures interspersed between various colors. A textile kaleidoscope that tells stories of its mythology and ancient legends. Huichol embroidery is made with colored threads representing natural elements such as birds, deer, flowers, corn, peyote, fire and the Sun. The textiles also stand out for their unique use of yarn, beads and thread.

8. Yucatan

The Mayan weavers of the preclassic period used to use materials of vegetable origin and also developed techniques using the backstrap loom. Over time, the loom technique was perfected and little by little the use of animal skins, feathers, cotton, among others, was included. The Mayan textile evolved thanks to the fact that Mayan women considered textile work as a divine task given by the teachings of Ixchel, goddess of the moon and wife of the sun, who is considered the patron saint of spinning.

9. Veracruz

Cotton and wool have been the bases for the textile art of the region with mainly Nahua and Totonaca origin. Wool shawls, for example, are made in the high and cold regions of the state. The artisans take care of the whole process; from the grazing and shearing of their sheep, the processing of wool and painting with pigments from flowers, minerals and plants.

Bordado Nahua
Nahua embroidery

 

The textile works are also created with cotton, combining threads of different calibers to generate textures and symbols according to their cosmogony related to the earth and its ceremonial and ritual world, for example the peanut, pitahaya and poinsettia flower; birds such as the thrush, parrot, rooster, dove and hummingbird; and ritual motifs, such as the spirit of the corn, the heart of the mountain, the flower of the wind, the flower of the dead, the flowering tree, the universe, and moving water.

The Totonaca community is rich in the tradition of cotton textile art. The creativity of Totonac women was expressed through the colors, shapes, textures and techniques embodied in the fabric, showing the cosmogony of the creation of the world, the symbolism of time, communal life and the universe.

10. State of Mexico

Mazahuas women learn to embroider from a very young age, so textile art in this region is connected to female identity. Mazahua textile art displays symbolisms of hope, love, hunger, and death. It is also said that it will depend on the state of mind of the one who weaves or who wears the clothing.

Mazahua embroidery

 

In Tenancingo, works of art are made with 100% cotton thread and woven on a pedal loom or on a backstrap loom. The tradition of spinning rebozos here began in 1908, when the first workshop to make them was installed.

Fashion inspired by Mexican textile art

The extensive tradition of textile art in our country has an important cultural weight, for this reason we Mexicans must honor this practice, respect it and carry it with pride. Let's share some of our traditions to keep them alive forever. At Latinamor you can find exclusive fashion from Mexican artisans and designers.

 

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Comments (1)

Guadalupe

Hola buen día me puedes pasar las medidas del talla L y talla XL me interesa el vestido de flores de primavera Rosas y Rojas o si me das la dirección de la tienda por favor

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